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 Introduction - General - Taxonomy, nomenclature and the concept of species

 Diagnosis

 Treatment

 Prevention

 Useful manuals: Tropical medicine

 Introduction - General - Reflection

Children List

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"To wrest from nature the secrets which have perplexed philosophers in all ages, to track to their sources the causes of disease, to correlate the vast stores of knowledge, that they may be quickly available for the prevention and cure of disease - these are our ambitions". 

Sir William Osler.

The great majority of diseases in tropical regions are cosmopolitan which means they are found throughout the world: pneumonia, burns, fractures, diarrhea, asthma, diabetes, hypertension and schizophrenia. Some disorders were also previously found in Europe, but here they have largely disappeared: leprosy, vivax malaria, plague. Only a few diseases occur exclusively in tropical regions, e.g. African sleeping sickness. A number of diseases have disappeared in the West as a result of the improvement of living conditions. The classic, predominantly parasitic tropical diseases are for the most part not the main cause of disease in developing regions, except in certain localized areas where there is a high prevalence. The main medical problems in Third World countries at present continue to be respiratory tract infections, diarrhea, tuberculosis, malaria, AIDS, measles, accidents, anemia and pregnancy-related problems. Hepatitis B and C, pelvic inflammatory disease and epidemic meningococcal meningitis are also frequent problems.

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